Botanical Name : Paederia foetida Linn.
Family : Rubiaceae.
This is an anti-inflammatory drug used in Ayurvedic.
Names in different Indian languages :
Hindi : Gandhaprasarani, Pasaran
Malayalam : Gandhaprasaarini, appinaari
Sanskrit : Gandhaprasaarini, somaraji
Tamil : Talanili, Mudiyar Kundal.
Telugu : Takkeda
Folk : Gandhabhaaduli
Gañdhãdhyã, Balyã, Rãjabalã, Sarani
Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) :
1. Merremia tridentate – [CV]
2. Laptadenia spartium – [CV]
3. Convolvulus arvenis – [CV]
4. P. scandens [CV]
5. Prasarani – CV (north Indians calls)
Glabrous or twining shrub.
Leaves simple, opposite ovate or lanceolate, acute or cuspidate; 6-8 cm x 2.5- 3.5 cm; petioles 2-3 cm long.
Flowers- in panicles, 15 cm long, violet coloured flowers.
Fruit- orbicular, wings pale, 1.0 cm. across.
Distribution & Habitat :
Central and Eastern Himalayan ranges, West Bengal.
Chemical constituents :
iridoid glycosides, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ursolic acid, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid and methyl mercaptan (foul smell)
Guna Guru, Sara
Karma : vrishya,keshya, kandudhna, kushtaghna
carminative, antiinflammatory, astringent, spasmolytic, antidiarrhoeal, diuretic, antilithic
Vãta Vyãdhi, Amavãta, Mütrakrcchra
rheumatic infections, piles,cough, inflammations of the liver, spleen
Part used :
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
External use :
Analgesic. anti-inflammatory. Therefore it is used in all the vata disorders. It is the best medicine for it
Internal uses :
Digestive system : It is an antiflatulent and mild laxative. So it is used in abdominal pain, flatulence and constipation with hard stool. Cooked leaves or the warm paste of leaves is given in abdominal pain.
Circulatory system : It purifies the blood by its tikta rasa and alleviates vata by its ushna veerya. Therefore it is used in vatarakta.
Reproductive system : Aphrodisiac by guru property. So used in infertility.
Therapeutic Uses :
(1) Amavãta— Prasãriñi decoction, jaggary and Lasuna are fermented together for 7 days and then given orally with Pañchakola curna (C.D.)
(2) Mutrakrichra— Prasãrini paste is taken with coconut water (V.M.)