Botanical Name: Aloe vera
It is the one of the ayurveda medicinal plants widely using world wide as hair tonic. more than 50 species of plants are present in this genus. The extract kumarai sara in English it called Elio , used for helminthiasis, local application of painful swellings, chronic ulcer and ophthalmia.
Kanyaasaara, Eleyaka (dried juice of the leaves). Kumaari, Kumaarikaa, Kanyaa, Grihkanyaa, Ghritkumaarika (plant).
A. vera Tourn. ex Linn.
A. indica Royle
A. littoralis Koening
Names in Different Languages:
English: Curacao Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Indian Aloe, Jaffarabad Aloe
Hindi: Ghikumar, Ghikumari
Sanskrit : KUMARI,GHRTAKUMARI
Tamil : Sotru Kattraazhai, Kumaari. Moosaambaram (dried juice), kattalai
Telugu : kalabanda
Unani : Gheekwaar, Sibr.
Folk : Elwaa, Musabbar (dried juice of leaves).
Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) :
More than 50 species of plants are present in this genus it is not easy to identify for common people.
A perennial plant with a short stem.
Leaves— 30-60 cm long, erect, crowded in a basal rosette, juicy, glaucous- green, narrow lanceolate , long acuminate, margins with spiny teeth.
Flowers— yellow, in dense racemes.
Fruits – loculicidal capsule
Aloe vera chinensis
Smaller Asiatic form, fleshy, lanceolate leaves 30 cm long and recurved at tips, rounded beneath, blue- green with white markings and whitish teeth; flowers orange.
Distribution & Habitat:
Cultivated throughout India.
aloctin A (glycoprotein), aloenin (bitter glucoside), barbaloin, C-glycosyl chromone, chrysophanol glycoside; galactose, mannose; aldopentose, aloesin, aloesone, I-sitosterol, alocutin A & B, acemannan
Guna : Guru, Snigdha, Pichila
Karma : vãtahara, Caksusya, Vrsya, Brmhana, Rasayana, Bhedana .
Yakrtodara, Plihodara, Gulma, Granthi, Agnidagdha Vrana, Jvara, Tvak roga, sula, Vibandha
Dosha : vatha shaman
Dhatu : rasa, meda
Mala : purisha janaka
Organ : liver, spleen, uterus
Leaf pulp juice, Dried leaf pulp
Leaf pulp juice—10–15 ml.
Dried leaf pulp juice—100–200 mg powder.
Digestive system:Anthraquinone glycosides, known as aloin, in small doses act as a tonic to the digestive system, and at higher doses become a strong purgative, as well as increase colonic secretions and peristaltic contractions. Resin fraction is also as important as aloin in cathartic action. In A. barbadensis the highest percentage of aloin
Reproductive system:Aloe produces pelvic congestion and is used for uterine disorders, generally with Fe and carminatives. The pulp is used in menstrual suppressions.
Skin:Aloe gel can inhibit bradykinin, a pain-producing agent; C-glycosyl chromone appears to reduce topical inflammation. Aloe gel also slows or inhibits the synthesis of thromboxane, which may accelerate the healing of burns.
Important Yogas or Formulations:
Kumäryãsava, Rajahpravartani vati, Kumãrikã vati, Kumãri tailam
(1) Pliha Vrddhi— Haridrã powder and juice of Kumäri are given
(2) Kamala — Kumãri svarasa as nasya (B.P.). (3) Apasmãra— Ghee prepared with Yastimadhu Kvãtha and Kumãri svarasa is useful