Botanical Name : Pterospermum canescens Roxb.
Family : Sterculiaceae
Latin name: Pterospermum = Pteron = wing. spermum= seed : suberifolium = cock like leaves
Names in different Indian languages :
Hindi : Muchukunda
Kannada : Toddagiringa
Malayalam : Chittilaplavu, Muchukundam
Sanskrit : Muchukunda
Tamil : Sempulavu
Telugu : Lolagu
Kshatravruksha, Chitrak. Prativishnuk. Bahupatra, Supushpa. Adhyarhi. Lakshmanav. Raktaprasav,vasu
Pterospermum uberifolium Lam. non-Roxb.
A tree with scented, brown flowers.
Leaves – large, shield-like, (thus called kshatravruksha) upper surface green. lower is white. Shows vertical cracks on the bark. Trunk is brownish in colour. Branches – closely packed. Seeds are winged. Flowering occurs in summer.
Distribution & Habitat :
Chemical constituents :
arachidic, linoleic, myristic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids, beta-sitosterol,
Rasa: kashaya, katu, tikta
Rakta prasadana, sopha hara carminative, digestive,astingent,
Kasa, swasa, sira peeda, raktapitta
Part used :
Whole plant, mainly flowers
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
External uses :
Its local application is soothing and alleviates burning sensation in headache, bleeding piles and chicken pox.
Internal uses :
Analgesic in vata diseases. Muchkunda is useful as an astringent in brood and bile related disorders. It controls bleeding in piles when given as a powder of flowers along with honey and sugar. It is also useful in bronchitis, asthma and skin diseases.