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Botanical Name : Gardenia gummifera Linn. f.

Family : Rubiaceae

Introduction :

Latin name: Gardenia = (cape jasmin) American Dr. Garden (Gardinca was the favourite buttonhole of Edwardians); gummifera = oozing latex.

Scientific classification: Gardenias belong to the family Rubiaceae. The Cape jasmine is classified as Gardenia jasminoides. The two common greenhouse shrubs of the United States are classified as Gardenia thunbergia and Gardenia rothmannia. The dwarf species from Japan is classified as Gardenia radicans floreplana

Names in different Indian languages :

English : Gummy Cape Jasmine

Hindi : Dikamali

Kannada : Bikkegidha

Malayalam : Somanadikayam, gandharajan

Sanskrit : Naadihingu

Tamil : Dikkamalli, Kambil, Sinna Kambil.

Telugu : Cittamalli, bikki

Unani : Dikaamaali.

Synonyms :

Venupatrikaa, Naadihingu, Hingushi vaatikaa. Hingupatrikaa, Hingupatri

Gardenia  arborea Roxb.

Gardenia  inermis Dietr.

Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) :

Gardenia resinifera

Morphology :

The shrub is small, leaves resembling guava leaves but are slightly big and long. A yellow coloured latex oozes out from its branches on piercing the bark and from the angles of leaf stalks. It solidifies on exposure to air. Since it has an odour similar to asafoetida, it is called hingupatri. A small tablet of dikamali held in the mouth does not dissolve easily.

Leaves – simple, elliptic-oblong

Flower – white, axillary

Fruit – berry

Distribution & Habitat :

Throughout India

Chemical constituents :

gardenin, de-Me-tangeretin , nevadensin; wogonins, isoscutellarein, apigenin , de-MeO-sudachitin

Properties :

Guns: laghu, ruksha, tikshna;

Rasa: katu, tikta;

Virya: ushna;


Karma :

Hridya, kapha vatahara, dipanam

carminative, antispasmodic, stimulant, diaphoretic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, expectorant

Indication :

Manoroga, medas,

Nervous  disorder, Ulcers, wounds, fever, skin disease, cough

Part used :


Dosage :

Powder 1-2 g

External uses :

It is antimicrobial, wound healing and analgesic. It is useful in toothache and teething problems of children (robbing latex to the gums).and anthelmintic.

Internal uses :

It is an appetite, indigestion, constipation, flatulence. ascites. piles, intestinal parasites etc. It is one of the best medicine . for the alimentary tract, It is useful in tape worms. Latex with lemon juice is useful in cardiac disorders and splenomegaly by expelling vata and enhancing peristalsis. It is also useful in chronic cough, breathlessness, hiccups and skin diseases. In malaria, it is used fur reducing the fever, cold and rigors. It is a lipolytic and therefore used in lipid disorders

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