Botanical Name:Scoparia dulsis L.

Family: Plantaginaceae


Originally from the American tropics, the plant is now naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics.

Names in different Indian languages

English            : Liquorice weed, Sweet broomweed

Hindi   :Mithi Patti

Kannada: Mruganmhi Gida


Sanskrit: Dhari, pashanabheda


Erect annual or perennial herbs. Leaves decussate to whorled, 1-3 x 0.5-1.5 cm, obovate-oblong, base attenuate, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute, penninerved, punctate, chartaceous; petiole to 0.7 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary or 2; pedicels slender 4-7 mm long. Calyx lobes 2-3 mm, ovate-oblong, ciliate along margin. Corolla white 4-6 mm long, rotate, throat densely hairy, lobes spathulate. Stamens 4, subequal, 3-4 mm long. Ovary globose, 2-celled; ovules many; stigma truncate. Capsules 1-2 mm across, globose. Seeds 4-angled, reticulate.

Distribution & Habitat

India: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Odisha, Manipur, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh;

Chemical constituents

Palmitic acid, B-sitosterol, Glutinol, and a mixture of B-amyrin and Isomultiflorenol


 Rasa: Tikta, kashaya:

Guna: laghu, ruksha;

Vipak : katu

Veerya : ushna

Karma – kapha vatha samana


Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, renal and vesical calculus, inflammation, fever, wounds, ulcer, skin diseases, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea.


It is traditionally used in treatment of diabetes, dysentery, earache, fever, gonorrhea, headaches, jaundice, snake bite, stomach problems, toothache, warts.

Hindi »