Botanical Name : Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
Family : Fabaceae
Latin name: Pterocarpus = ptero – with wings, carpus – fruit; marsupium bears pouch in flowers; marsupium = purse (Animals like kangaroo which have a pouch are called marsupials).
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Indian Kino tree
Hindi : Bijasal,Vijayasar
Kannada : Hannemara
Malayalam : Venga
Sanskrit : Asana
Tamil : Vengai
Telugu : Asana,beddagi
Asana, Bijaka, Priyaka, Pitashaala.
The tree grows to 10 – 15 mtrs. in height, smoky skin of the trunk bears vertical slits. Gum is red in colour. Leaves and foliage bear wavy margin, flowers – yellowish. Legumes – contain two seeds. Water turns yellow at the beginning and then black when trunk is dipped in it.
Distribution & Habitat :
Chemical constituents :
isoflavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, hypoglycaemic, epicatechin. Stilbenes, pterostilbene
Guna : laghu. ruksha:
Rasa : kashaya:
Vipaka : katu;
Virya : sheeta;
Rasayana, pramehaghna, twachya, keshya
astringent, antihaemorrhagic, antidiarrhoeal
Dosha: Kapha, pitta.
Dhatu: Raktagami (oedema, erysepalas, leucoderma. dermatosis).medogami , rasayan, rakta (cohesive).
Mala: Purisha, mutra.
Kusta, kandu, swithra, visha, medas
anaemia, worm infestation, skin diseases, urinary disorders, obesity, hypercholesterolemia
Part used :
Whole plant , mainly heart wood
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
External application is done in swelling. erysipelas. leucoderma. dermatoses and allergic dermatitis. Local application of the resin strengthens loose teeth. Resin and bark are used in diarrhoea and dysentery. It is very useful in infants and women. raktagami vatapitta disorders and in diabetes. Beejak is an excellent remedy for fractures and is also a rasayana. Trunk and resin are used.