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Latin Name-Spondias pinnata


Synonym:Spondias mangifera

Common Name: Hog plum, wild mango

Hindi-Amra, Jangli Aam

Malayalam-Ambazham, Kattambazham, Mampuli, Pithanam

Tamil-Kattuma, Mambulichi

Habit: Medium sized tree, flowers yellowish white

Distribution and habitat-Indo Malayasia, Moist deciduous, semi-evergreen forests and plains

Morphology:Spondias pinnata is a deciduous tree, 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall (sometimes up to 25 metres (82 ft) in height); branchlets yellowish brown and glabrous. The leaves are large, with pairs of leaflets (see illustration) on petioles that are 100–150 millimetres (3.9–5.9 in) and glabrous; leaf blades 300–400 millimetres (12–16 in), imparipinnately compound with 5-11 opposite leaflets; leaflet petiolule 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in); leaflet blade ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, 70–120 millimetres (2.8–4.7 in) × 40–50 millimetres (1.6–2.0 in), papery, glabrous on both sides, with margins that are serrate or entire; the apex is acuminate, lateral veins 12-25 pairs.

The inflorescence is paniculate, terminal, 250–350 millimetres (9.8–13.8 in) and glabrous, with basal first order branches 100–150 millimetres (3.9–5.9 in). The flowers are mostly sessile and small, white and glabrous; calyx lobes are triangular, approx. 0.5 millimetres (0.020 in). Petals are ovate-oblong, approximately 2.5 by 1.5 millimetres (0.098 in × 0.059 in); stamens are approximately 1.5 millimetres (0.059 in).

The fruit is a drupe ellipsoid to elliptic-ovoid, olive green becoming yellowish orange at maturity, 35–50 millimetres (1.4–2.0 in) × 25–35 millimetres (0.98–1.38 in); inner part of endocarp woody and grooved, outer part fibrous; mature fruit usually have 2 or 3 seeds. In China, it flowers from April–June and fruits from August–September.

Parts used-bark, Leaves and fruits

Uses-Leaves and bark are good for dysentry, bark in bilious dyspepsia, leaf juice is applied in earache, fruit pulp in dyspepsia, thirst and tuberculosis

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