Botanical Name : Mangifera indica Linn.
Family : Anacardiaceae
Anacardiaceae (heart shaped).
Latin name : Mangifera -this name is derived from malayalam language; indica = Indian.
In the years 1556 to 1605, there was a garden having 1,00,000 Langada Mango trees in Bihar. This garden was namod as ‘Lakh Baug There are approximately 1000 varieties of mango fruit. Some of them are – Suvarnarekha Neelarn, Jahangeer, Phajane, Sulkhas, Jardatu, Himsaga Shahpasand, Rogani, Rajapuree, Vansharaj, AJfa,,zo rtrnandin, Totapuree, Mundappa, DashehariLangada, Zafaran, Rumanee etc. As the free ages, the number of fruits it bears also increase. There is the largest mango tree in Burelgaon at Arnbala district. Its stem has diameter of 9.75 mtrs. and its branches spread about 2258 square mtr: area. And every year this free bears about 170 quintnal fruits
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Mango tree,spring tree,cupid’s favourite, cuckoo’s joy
Hindi : Aam
Kannada : Mavu
Malayalam : Mavu
Sanskrit : Amrah, chutah
Tamil : Mamaram,mankai
Telugu : Mamidi
Unani : Aam,Ambaj
In Sanskrit, mango has 63 names. Some of them are as follows
Aamra, Amb, Rasaal, Sahakaar, Pikavallabha, Madhudoot, Atisaurabha, Maakanda, Kamashar, Madhavdruma, Bhrungubheeshta Seedhurasa, Vasantdoota, Atisaurabha, Madirasav, Kokilabandhuk Shukapriya
A very big tree having height of 10 to 12 mtrs. giving much shade.
Leaves -12 to 16 cms. long , simple, lanceolate, bunchletes, and are used in sacred functions. It has a distinct inflorescence which is fragrant.
Flowering seasons spring and fruits occur in summer. (In India, mago has been known for 4000 year. In Ramayana and Mahabbarata mango is described.)
Distribution and Habitat :
Tropical regions of India
Chemical Constituents :
Sugars, citric acid, ascorbic acid , beta-carotene ,m-digallic acid, gallotannin, phloroglucinol, protocatechuic acid, flavonoids ,tetrahydroxy benzene, kaempferol, myricetin
Mango has different properties according to its stages. Bark. leaves, flowers and seeds are kapha pittashamak. haemostatic and wound healing. Ripe mango is vatapittashamak. Raw fruit is tridoshakarak.
Raw mango – appetizer, improves digestion and vitiates rakia pitta. Panha (sherbet) reduces burning,
Leaves – antiemetic. In pyuria leaf juice is useful.
flowers – astringent, antidiarrhoeal.
Bark- astringent heals the wounds and reduces inflammation of uterus.
Seed – anthelmintic reduces inflammation of uterus. antidiuretic, constipative and useful in menorrhagia and leucorrhoea.
Ripe mango – unctuous. laxative. cardiotonic. haemostatic. aphrodisiac, gives strength and improves complexion.
Karma – agnidepakam, ruchyam, kaphaghnam, pitta vardanam
Amram ( apakvam) – small :
Karma – vatapitta vardanam, grahi, rakta dosha samana
Amra (Apakva) :
Karma –vata hara, laxative
Amra (pakva) :
Karma – vrishya, hridya, atisaraghna, sukla vardana, vata nashanam
Seed Kernal :
RASA- Madura, amla, kashaya
Karma –grahi, trishna nasana, daha nashana, rakta- pitta – jwara -ghna
Part Used :
Bark, fruit, leaves, seed
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
Important Yogas or Formulations :
Amra palavadi lehya