Botanical Name : Tinospora cordifolia
Family : Menispermaceae
It is one of the non-controversial drug used in Ayurvedic medicine. It used for Grãhi, Väta hara, Dipaniya, Kapha-Raktahara and Vibandhahara , Medhya Rasayãnas
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Tinospora,gulancha tinospora
Hindi : Gulanca,giloy, amrta
Kannada : Amrtaballi,yuganiballi,madhuparni
Malayalam : Chittamrtu,amrtu
Sanskrit : Guduci,amrta
Tamil : Amrutavalli,cintilikkoti
Telugu : Tippantiga,amrta
Unani : Gilo,Gulanchaa. Sat-e-Gilo (extract)
Ayurvedic, Guduuchi, Guduuchikaa, Guluuchi, Amrita, Amritaa, Amritalataa, Amritavalli, Chinnaruuhaa, Chinnodbhavaa, Madhuparni, Vatsaadani, Tantrikaa, Kundalini. Guduuchi sattva (extract), chakrika
Classification according to Charaka, Susrutha & Vagbhata :
Charaka : vayahathapana, daha prasamana, trshna nigraha, stanya sodhana
Susrutha : guducyadi, patoladi, valli pancamula, kakolyadi, aragvadhadi
Vagbhata : guducyadi, patoladi, aragvadhadi
Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) :
2. Kandodbhavã Gudüci. – Tinospora sinensis / T. malabarica – [AD]
3. Padmã Guduci
4. T. Crispa – [CV]
T . cordifolia
It is a large climber with succulent, corky and grooved stems; branches possess slender pendulous fleshy roots.
Leaves- membranous, glabrous, 5-10 cm long, cordate; petiç.2.5-7 cm long.
Flowers- in racemes of about 5 cm; axillary, terminal or from the old wood, pale yellowish white in colour.
Fruits- carpels, dorsally convex, ventrally flat, size of a large pea.
Distribution & Habitat :
Both species are distributed almost throughout India.
Cultivation— Propagated by cuttings of stem. It can be grown in almost any types of soil and under varying climatic conditions.
Chemical constituents :
Berberine,columbin, chasmanthin, palmarin, tinosporon, tinosporic acid, tinosporol,diterpenoid , tinosporin ,Tinosporide ,cordifolide ,Tinosporidine ,beta sitosterol isolated stems; cordifol, heptacosaflol , octacosanol , furanoid diterpene, tinosporide , 1, 8-norclerodene glucosie— tinosporaside, glycosider, cordifolisides A-E and two phenyl propane glycosides ,Isocolumbin, tetrahydropalmatine, magnoflarine and palmatine
Rasa – Tikta, Kasãya (leaf is considered as Madhura by Kaiyadeva)
Guna – Guru, Snigdha
Virya – Usna
Vipãka – Madhura
Karma : Tridosa amaka, Medhya, Rasãyan, Dipaniya, Grãhi, Medohara, Kadüghna, Jvara hara, Dãha-prasamana,antipyretic, diuretic, antiperiodic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, spasmolytic, hypoglycaemic, hepatoprotective
Jvara, Trsnã, Vtarakta, Pãndu, Kämalã, Dãha, Prameha, Kushta, Chardi, Krmi, Kandü, Raktãras, Medoroga, Visarpa, Kãsa, Jarã Vyãdhi.Fever, rheumatism, body pain, cold, skin disease, urinary tract infections, cough, asthma, diabetes, hyper lipidimea, seminal weakness, jaundice, ulcer, liver and spleen disorder
Part used :
Stem, leaf, areal roots.
Stem powder 3-6g; decoction (1/20) – 50-100 mI; Infusion (1/10) – 30-60 ml; fresh juice 10-20m1; Gudüci Sattva 1-2g;
Internal uses :
Digestive system: Useful in thirst, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver disorders. jaundice, acid-peptic disorder, dysentery and worms. It increases appetite.
Circulatory system : Raktavahasrotogami. Guduchi satva is effective in cardiac debility, blood — disorders. rheumatoid arthritis, splenomegaly. gout and anaemia.
Respiratory system : Useful in cough
Reproductive system : Aphrodisiac being shukragami. snigdha and madhur vipak.
Urinary system : Effective in prameha, mainly in diabetes and disorders of urinary bladder.
Skin : It is used in skin disorders like dermatomes and erysipelas etc. It is also useful in syphilitic ulcer.
Temperature : Juice of Guduci is used in chronic lever and typhoid fever. It reduces burning. normalizes temperature, improves appetite and increases the strength.
Satmikaran : Useful in weakness and good rasayana for all seven dhatus.
Important Yogas or Formulations:
Guduchyadi churna, Guduchyadi kwath. Guduci swathva, Ameutarishta, Guduchi Taila
Therapeutic Uses :
1. Medhya.— The fresh juice of Guduci (20m1 twice daily) may be used (C.S.Ci.1/1).
(a) Guduci Svarasa (juice) + Satãvari svarass equal parts (l0 ml each) are mixed together and given along with jaggary in vãta jvara (S.S.Ut. 39/174)2.
(b) Decoction prepared with Guduci, Parpata & Amalaki (500- l00 ml) may be administered in case of Pitta Jvara (Ha. Sam.3/ 2/71).
3. Prameha— Guduci Svarasa with honey (A.H.Ci.1216)4.
4. Slipada— Guduci Svarasa along with ginger oil (Taila) is given orally (C.D.42/1 6).
5. Amlapitta— Leaves of Gudüci, Nimba and Patola are made into juice and administered along with honey (B. P.Ci.10/16)’.
6. Chardi— Gudüci Hima Kasãya may be given orally along with honey (Bha.Pra,Ci. 17/21).
7. Vãtarakta— Chronic administration of Guduci in either juice or paste or powder or decoction form will definitely cure Vãtarakta (B.P.Ci. 29/41 & V. M. 23/10)