Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.)Merr. & Perry.
Family : Myrtaceae
Lavanga is relatively a less utilized herb during the Bhat Trayi period. we come across the utility of Lavañga in therapeutics in yoga books. It is mainly used for the correction of digestive problems. Application of clove oil for dental caries, relieve joint pains and head ache
Names in different Indian languages :
Hindi : Laung
Telugu : Lavangamu, devakusumam
Tamil : Kirambu
English : Clove
Kanada : lavanga
Malayalam : Grampu,karayampu
Sanskrit : Lavangam, devakusumam
Unani : Qaranful,Laung
Lavanga, Devakusum, Devapushpa, Shrisangya, Shriprasuunaka. Grahanihara, Divyagandhã, Vãrija, sriprasünaka, srisanjnaka, sri, Candana puspa, Bhrñgangi, sekhara.
It is a pyramidal evergreen tree, 8-10m high or more.
Leaves- simple, lanceolate, , gland-dotted, fragrant.
Flowers-buds— cyme, small clusters of branches, greenish; pink at maturity, aromatic.
Fruits- fleshy, dark pink drupes.
Seeds- oblong, grooved in one side.
(Flowers between January-June and fruits later).
Distribution Cultivated mainly in Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Habitat & Distribution :
Originally from Malaya – Sailibius island. At present it is being cullivated in Sumatra) Malakka, Zanjibar. Penang. Mauritius, Bornia, Brazil) Guyana. West Indies and Travancore in Southern India
Chemical Composition :
Gum and volatile oil 16-20%. resin 6%, euginine or cariophyllin, tanin, gum. Clove oil contains 85-92% eugenol. aryophyllene, eugenol, furfural, methyl alcohol, methylbenzoate, valeraldehyde, vanillin, eugenitine, isoeugenitol, eugenine, eugenone, naphthalene, caryophellene oxide etc.
Rasa : Tikta, Katu
Guna : Laghu, Snigdha
Virya : sita
Vipãka : Katu
Kapha-pitta hara, Rucya,Dipana-Pacana, Netryam
Appetizer, expectorant, emollient, febrifuge, diuretic, Carminative, antiinflammatory, antibacterial
Trisnã, chardi, Adhmána, sula, kãsa, svãsa, Hikkã.
cough, asthma, diuretic, burning sensation, fever, vomiting, hyper acidity, odontalgia, helminthiasis, cephalagia, neuralgia, lumbago, nostalgia, dental caries, inflammation in oral and pharyngeal mucosa
Part Used : Floral bud, clove oil
Dosage : Powder 2-4g; oil 1-2 drops
External uses : It is stimulant, antimicrobial and tikshna, so it is applied locally in headache and sinusitis. Chewing of dove is useful in stomatitis and skin disorders. Clove oil is used for massage in rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, backache
Internal uses :
Digestive system : it is an appetizer and digestive. it stimulates salivating glands to increase salivary secretion. Carminative , analgesic ,liver stimulant. It is useful in anorexia, loss of appetite, flatulence, abdominal colic, hyperacidity, nausea.
Circulatory. system : Stimulates heart and circulation, increases blood pressure, syphilis. Useful in blood disorders because of pungent and sheeta properties.
Respiratory system : Reduces cough, tuberculosis, foul smell and breathlessness, simulates respiration mucosa causing expectoration.
Reproductive system : Aphrodisiac, purifies breast milk.
Skin : Clove is useful in many skin disorders by its stimulating action on skin.
Temperature: Useful in fever to reduce temperature. Clove boiled in water is a good remedy for fever.
Satmikaran : Katu. tikta. so used in tuberculosis and general debility as a tonic.
Dosha : Decreases kapha and pitta. vatanashak.
Dhatu : Rakta (bleeding disorders).
Note : Effective in morning sickness.
Important Yogas or Formulations :
Important research work going on :
(1) Anti-viral activity against herpes simplex virus
(2) Anti-inflammatory activity
(3) Action on CNS
1. pain— Lavangais pounded and applied with warm water externally
2. Visücikã— water boiled with clove is filtered and given (V.M.)
3. Trisnã— Fresh juice of Lavanga may be useful (G.N.)