Botanical Name : Scoparia dulsis L.
Family : Plantaginaceae
Originally from the American tropics, the plant is now naturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Liquorice weed, Sweet broomweed
Hindi : Mithi Patti
Kannada : Mruganmhi Gida
Malayalam : Kallurukki
Sanskrit : Dhari, pashanabheda
Erect annual or perennial herbs. Leaves decussate to whorled, 1-3 x 0.5-1.5 cm, obovate-oblong, base attenuate, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute, penninerved, punctate, chartaceous; petiole to 0.7 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary or 2; pedicels slender 4-7 mm long. Calyx lobes 2-3 mm, ovate-oblong, ciliate along margin. Corolla white 4-6 mm long, rotate, throat densely hairy, lobes spathulate. Stamens 4, subequal, 3-4 mm long. Ovary globose, 2-celled; ovules many; stigma truncate. Capsules 1-2 mm across, globose. Seeds 4-angled, reticulate.
Distribution & Habitat :
India: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Odisha, Manipur, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh;
Chemical constituents :
Palmitic acid, B-sitosterol, Glutinol, and a mixture of B-amyrin and Isomultiflorenol
Rasa: Tikta, kashaya:
Guna: laghu, ruksha;
Vipak : katu
Veerya : ushna
Karma – kapha vatha samana
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, renal and vesical calculus, inflammation, fever, wounds, ulcer, skin diseases, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea.
It is traditionally used in treatment of diabetes, dysentery, earache, fever, gonorrhea, headaches, jaundice, snake bite, stomach problems, toothache, warts.