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Pishacha Karpasa

Botanical Name : Abroma angusta

Family : Malvaceae

English Name : Devils cotton

Hindi Name :ย ย Ulat Kambal

Botanical Classification (Taxonomy)

Kingdom : Plantae

Division: Tracheophyta

Class : Magnoliopsida

Order: Malvales

Family: Malvaceae

Genus: Abroma

Species :Abroma angusta

Therapeutic Properties :

Emmenagogue,Uterine Tonic,Antispasmodic,Regulates menstrual flow,Stimulates ovulation,Anti-inflammatory,Anti-arthritic,Anti-rheumatic,Demulcent,Abortifacient (rare effects and it may occur in excess dosage)

Root bark of ulatkambal is a valuable emmenagogue and uterine tonic, chiefly used in intra-uterine diseases and other gynaecological disorders mostly related to menstrual disorders such as dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea, and gonorrhoea.

Powdered root is an abortifacient and anti-fertility agent.

The leaves and stem are demulcent.

Infusion of fresh leaves and stems is effective in treatment of gonorrhoea.

Morphology :

Abroma is a shrub or a small tree, attaining a height of 3โ€“5 m, with horizontal and velvety branches.

Leaves are about 10โ€“30 cm long and 6โ€“18 cm broad, ovate or lanceolate, more or less cordate, finely acuminate, membranous, entire, and three to five lobed with 1โ€“12-cm-long petiole.

The dorsal surface of the leaves is glabrous and ventral surface is pubescent.

Flowers are purple in colour, about 5 cm in diameter, occurring on few flowered cymes.

Sepals are about 2.5 cm long, lanceolate, and persistent.

Petals are imbricate and  fall off soon.

Stamens are present on short staminal tube; five staminodes are present.

Ovary is five lobed, pyramidal with many ovules in each cell.

Capsules are 3โ€“5 cm long, obpyramidal, membranous, finely pubescent, and truncate at the apex.

Each carpel has a triangular wing behind it.

Flowering and fruiting occur in the months of December and January.

Hindi ยป