BOTANICAL NAME- Valeriana wallichi Dc.
Tagara grows in Kashmir region at the altitude of 10,000.
NAMES IN DIFFERENT INDIAN LANGUAGES-
English → Indian Valerian
Hindi → Tagar
Kannada → Mushkabal
Malayalam → Tagara
Marathi → Kalavala, Tagar
CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO CHARAK AND SUSHRUT-
Caraka- Sitaprasamana Varga
Suśruta- Eladi Gana
Vevatrum album Linn.
Hairy perennial herb.
Root- stock is thick, horizontal.
Stem- is 15 to 45 cm high usually tufted.
Leaves- Basal leaves are often 2.5 to 7.5 cm in diameter, long stalked, deeply cordate-ovate, usually toothed or sinuate, sharp pointed. Stem leaves are few in number, much smaller, entire or pinnate.
Flowers- White or tinged with pink in a terminal corymb, 2.5 to 7.5 cm wide, often unisexual, the male and female in different plants.
Root Contains Atinidine, Carotene, Jatamols A & B, Jatamansic acid, Nardol
Rasa- Tikta, Katu, Kashaya
Guna- Laghu, Snigdha
Vatakaphahara, Manodoșahara, Apasmāra roga nāsaka, Visaghna, Sutahara, Netrarogahara, Raktadosahara, Sirorogahara.
Mild CNS depressant, Ant-amoebic, Analgesic, Antipyretic, Antibacterial, Antispasmodic, Diuretic and Carminative.
Apasmāra, Unmada, Manodoșa, Netraroga, Siroroga, Raktadoșa, Sula, Visa.
PART USED- Root
DOSAGE- Curna (Powder) 1 to 3 g
IMPORTANT YOGAS OR FORMULATIONS-
Madhvāsava, Siva Ghrita, Agurwadya Taila, Amritadya Taila
- Sandhi roga (Diseases of joints)
Root of Tagara is triturated with buttermilk and given internally will cure various Vataja Sandhiroga (Joint disorders due to Vāta).
- Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata)
Tagara is triturated with buttermilk to prepare a paste. Consuming this paste will relieve Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata) immediately.