Botanical name : Pimento dioica
Family : Piperacae
The unripe berries and leaves of the plant are used to make medicine.
Allspice is used for indigestion (dyspepsia), intestinal gas, abdominal pain, heavy menstrual periods, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, colds, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. It is also used for emptying the bowels.
Some people apply allspice directly to the affected area for muscle pain and toothache, or put it on the skin to kill germs.
Some dentists use eugenol, a chemical contained in allspice, to kill germs on teeth and gums.
In foods, allspice is used as a spice.
In manufacturing, allspice is used to flavor toothpaste.
Allspice contains a chemical called eugenol, which might explain some of its traditional uses for toothache, muscle pain, and as a germ-killer
Its name allspice it is because of its aromatic flavour which is the combination of cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves. The plant contains fruits at its early growing stage. This is also called as Jamaica pepper, kurundu, myrtle pepper, pimento or newspice, Allspice .This contains a cluster of flowers, which are small and white in colour.
The spice contains minerals such as potassium, manganese, iron, copper, selenium, and magnesium.The iron content helps the cellular metabolisms.And iron also helps to increase the production of red cells in the bone marrow.The potassium helps to regulate heart rate and blood pressure.Manganese is used as a co-factor for antioxidant enzymes.
It contains vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), riboflavin, niacin and vitamin-C.Vitamin-C helps to resist against infections.
The outer coat of Allspice has a high concentration of compounds which has great medicinal value.The chemical compounds in the Allspice helps to increase the enzyme secretions inside the stomach and intestine.This improves the smooth functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.