Gucchapatra

Botanical Name: Ruta graveolens Linn.

Family: Rutaceae

Introduction

Rutaceae (Rue-like).

Latin name: Ruta = rue – from the Latin word rus = flow: graveolens = herb of grace (of strong or rank odour). This plant emits odour even on sprinkling water on it.

 Names in different Indian languages

English: Garden Rue,commom rue

Hindi: Pismaram,sadab,satari

Kannada: Sadabu, nagadali soppu

Malayalam: Aruta, Nagatali

Sanskrit: Gucchapatra              

Tamil: Aruvada,Arvada

Telugu: Sadapa,Aruvada

Varieties & adulterants – (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants

 Ruta chalepensis Linn.

Morphology

This shrub belonging to jambir kula grows 3-6 cms high.

Leaves – thin, small, bitter, astringent and foul smelling, Flowers – small, yellowish in colour.

Fruits- tripartite with three seeds differentiated

 Distribution & Habitat

Native to Mediterranean region; cultivated all over India

Chemical constituents:

undecanone ,nonanone,-nonyl acetate, psoralen ,bergapten , xanthotoxin,rutin

 Properties:

Rasa: kashaya;

Guna: laghu, ruksha, tikshna

Virya : Usna

Vipaka: katu

Karma -vishapaha

 antispasmodic, stomachic; irritant, abortifacient

Srotogamitva:

Dosha: Kaphaghna, vataghna, pittak

Dhatu: Rasa (amenorrhoea), majja (tetanus – vala diseases).

Mala: Mutra, sweda, purisha (helminthiasis).

Organs: .Reparatory system, alimentary system (flatulence).

Prabhav: Antitoxic – snake and scropion bites.

uses:

External use: Local application is antibacterial. It is effective in earache, otorrhoea and vata diseases, also useful in snake and scorpion bite.

Internal use: It is useful in tetanus and epilepsy (especially useful in women and children in the form of decoction).

Respiratory system: In children it is used br chronic cold and cough.

Digestive system: Useful in flatulence, abdominal colic, and intestinal worms

Urogenital system: In women, it is useful in conditions like obstructed labour, amenorrhoea, renalfailure, skin conditions etc.

Indication:

amenorrhoea, menorrhoea , colic,  sciatica, headache,

Part used:

 Whole plant, oil

Dosage:

Leaf juice 10-15 ml

Powder 2-4 g

Decoction 50-100 ml           

Hindi »