Botanical Name : Lawsonia inermis Linn.
Family : Lythraceae
Latin name: Lawsonia = after Mr. M. A. Lowson. FRS, who assistedin preparation of flora of British India: nermis = smooth stemmed.without spines or alba = white.
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Henna, cypress shrub
Hindi : Mehanti, Henna
Kannada : Madurangi
Malayalam : Mailancgi, mailanci
Sanskrit : Madayanti, medhini
Tamil : Marithondi, Marudum, mailanchi
Telugu : Goranta
Unani : Hinaa, Mehndi
Madayanti, Madayantikaa, Mendika, Ranjaka.
Lawsonia alba Lam.
It is a shrub with ‘sweet smelling white flowers.
Leaves – simple, opposite, ovate-lanceolate, give a red colour on crushing.
Fruits are of the size of peas, with small seeds inside
Distribution & Habitat :
Chemical constituents :
naphthoquinones, lawsone, laxanthone, I, II and III
Guna: laghu, ruksha;
Rasa: tikta. kashaya;
Kushtaghna, bhuta graham vinashana
astringent, antihaemorrhagic, antispasmodic, oxytocic, antifertility, antifungal, antibacterial
Raktatisara, kusta,kasa,pandu, jwara, kandu, galaroga, hridroga, mutra krichra
Ulcers, wounds, fever, skin disease, cough,
Part used :
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
It is an analgesic, reduces oedema, and is astringent. anti-inflammatory and antidermatosis.
It improves complexion and hair growth and reduces burning sensation.
External application of the paste is useful for burning of hands and feet, headache, joint pains, inflammation, ulcer and skin diseases. Decoction is used for gargling in stomatitis and pharyngitis
(as an astringent). A combination of henna and lndigofera tinctoria is used for dying the hair black. Flowers are used as refrigerant and in insomnia.
Seeds – Extract of seeds stimulates the spleen and liver and hence used in dysentery..
The juice of the leaves is given orally in jaundice.
Flowers – Since the flowers are useful in heart conditions, its hot infusion is used in heart diseases.
Leaves – The juice or decoction of the leaves is used in diseases of the blood. The leaf juice is’
Since it is a diuretic, leaf juice + sugar are used in dysuria and pyuria. It reduces burning in the urine and soothes the urinary tract. The decoction of the leaves is used in dermatoses and syphilis. Hot infusion of the flowers is given in fever.
Formulations : Madayantyadi churna