Botanical Name : Mentha spicata Linn. emend. Nathh.
Family : Labiatae; Lamiaceae
Scientific classification: Mints make up the family Lamiaceae (formerly Labiatae) of the order Lamiales. The well-known mint genus is Mentha. Peppermint is classified as Mentha piperita, spearmint asMentha spicata, and pennyroyal as Mentha pulegium. Lavender is classified in the genus Lavendula and shellflower in the genus Molucella.
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Mint
Hindi : Pudinaa
Kannada : Chetamarugu
Malayalam : Pudinaa
Sanskrit : Pudinaa
Tamil : Pudinaa
Telugu : Pudinaa
Unani : Nanaa, Pudinaa Kohi
Pudinaa, Podinaka, Puutihaa, Rochini.
Mentha viridis Linn
Annual shrub having strong smell.
Leaves – tender with serrated margins.
Flower stalk bears inflorescence all around
It has many varieties. They are also classified according to their locations like jungle, mountains and marshy land.
Distribution & Habitat :
Chemical constituents :
Carvone, limonene , flavonoids, diosmin , diosmetin, Caffeic acid , rosmarinic acid
Guna : laghu, ruksha, tikshna;
Rasa : katu;
Vipaka : katu;
Virya : ushna;
Rochani, deepana, pachana, balya, mutrala, rakta sodana, samgrahi
Carminative, stimulant, antispasmodic, antiemetic, diaphoretic, antiseptic.
Agnimandya, visuchika, jirna jwara, krimi, swasa
fever, skin disease, cough, , dysentery, gout, burning sensation, dyspepsia, cephalgia, worm infection
Part used :
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
External uses :
Analgesic, deodorant, antiseptic and wound healing. Its oil is also is used. Lea mixed with water is used for gargles as a mouth freshener. Leaves are spread on the, patient’s bed suffering from fever
Internal uses :
Its paste is used as an appetizer, antiemetic, carminative and anthelmintic. Juice is used in cardiac debility, cough, asthma, hiccups. It is also useful in dysuria, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, puerperal fever, skin diseases, common fever and poisoning.