Botanical Name : Vernonia cinerea (Linn)Less.
Family : Compositae; Asteraceae.
This plant used for ‘Anjanam’
Latin name: Vernonia = of the spring: cineria = cinder coloured
Names in different Indian languages :
English : Ash coloured Fleabane, Purple Fleabane.
Hindi : Sahadevyi, sadodi
Kannada : Sahadevyi, sadodi
Malayalam : puvamkurunnila
Sanskrit : Sahadevi
Tamil : Naichotte Poonde, puvamkuruntil, naycitti
Telugu : Gharitikamini, garitikamma.
Uttamkanyaka, jwara hara, Dandotpalaa,
This herb grows 15 -30 cms. in high. Stalk is thin, with sharp borders and bristly hairs.
Leaves –simple, different sizes with bristly hair on them and absence of stalk. Flowers blue. purple, appear in rainy season.
Fruits – in winter.
Varieties : Two – I) white flowers and 2) blue flowers.
Distribution & Habitat :
All over India.
Chemical constituents :
luteolin-7-monobeta- D-glucopyranoside, betaamyrin, acetate, lupeol acetate, betaamyrin , lupeol
Guna: laghu, ruksha, katu;
Vipaka : Katu
Prabhav: jwaraghna (antipyretic).
Karma : jwarahara, netrya
diaphoretic, blood purifier, anti fungal, anti bacterial, diuretic , anthelmintic, antiflatulent, antispasmodic;
leucorrhoea, dysuria, spasm of bladder, dysuria, leucoderma, psoriasis, cough, skin disease
Part used :
Leaf juice 10-15 ml
Powder 2-4 g
Decoction 50-100 ml
Externally, it is used in quaternary fever by tying its root with scalp hair and rubbing its juice on the skin. Paste of the leaves is applied on conjunctivitis and guinea worm. Its laxative, anthelmintic, blood purifying and diaphoretic properties make it useful in piles, intestinal worms, blood disorders, skin diseases, fever and renal calculi. Insects do not stay around this plant.
Therapeutic Uses : Decoction useful in fever.